Why are we there?
- Armed conflict
- Access to health care
- Natural disaster
MSF Press Briefing on Crisis in the Central African Republic
This is an excerpt from MSF's 2012 International Activity Report:.
Conflict across large areas of the Central African Republic (CAR) at the end of 2012 increased health needs and further destabilized the fragile health system. The situation only got worse in 2013 and into 2014.
The latest round of violence began when a military campaign by an alliance of rebel forces called Séléka took a number of major towns and territory in eastern and central regions of CAR. By early 2013, Séléka forces had reached the gates of the capital Bangui.
Thousands of people fled into the bush, and hospitals and health posts were abandoned. MSF teams, already working in five regions across the country, continued activities and launched extra mobile clinics to attend to the medical needs of the displaced.
An emergency surgical team began work in Kaga-Bandoro, and donations were made to hospitals and clinics in locations affected by violence.
Urgent health crisis
The conflict only exacerbated medical needs, which were already huge, even in stable areas of the country. The health system suffers from a lack of qualified staff and there are few public facilities outside the capital.
Shortages of essential medicines are frequent and many people cannot afford to pay the fees required for treatment. In short, a large proportion of the population does not have access even to the most basic health care, and mortality rates are above emergency levels.
In 2012, MSF teams worked with the Ministry of Health in seven hospitals and more than 30 health posts, providing a wide range of services: basic and specialist health care, maternity and paediatric services, surgery, HIV and TB care, and treatment for neglected diseases, including sleeping sickness (human African trypanosomiasis).
In 2013 and 2014, MSF opened several new emergency programs designed to treat people directly or indirectly injured due to the violence and people whose treatment was interrupted because they fled their homes to escape imminent attacks.
In any and all years, though, malaria is one of the main causes of death in the country and a major priority for MSF programs. The goal is to boost prevention and offer communities diagnosis and treatment in more locations.
- In the report State of Silent Crisis, published in 2011, Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) called for greater medical assistance in the Central African Republic.
Testing new tools for sleeping sickness
The Central African Republic is one of the few countries where sleeping sickness remains a problem. Sleeping sickness attacks the central nervous system and is deadly if untreated, but both diagnosis and treatment are complex and difficult to administer.
In Batangafo, MSF is using a new rapid diagnostic test for the disease and participating in clinical trials of a new oral treatment for last-stage sleeping sickness developed by the not-for-profit research and development organisation, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi).
The mobile sleeping sickness team screened more than 4,500 people for the disease in the southeast of the country. Access to the region has been difficult for some years due to attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army, but in 2012 many displaced people left Zémio, returning to their home villages to start farming again.
At the end of 2012, MSF had 1,300 staff in Central African Republic. MSF has worked in the country since 1996.
Melissa is the mother of a seven-month-old girl who arrived at Batangafo hospital with malaria and anaemia, requiring a blood transfusion.
“I had to leave my other children with my family to come to the hospital. My baby had a fever for three days. When she started having convulsions I decided to search for help.
"After two days walking to the health centre in Boulam, they referred us to the hospital by motorbike taxi.”
After two days at the hospital, Melissa’s daughter’s condition had improved.