MSF worked in Rwanda from 1991 until 2007.
Why were we there?
- Health care exclusion
- Endemic/Epidemic disease
At the end of 2007, MSF ended its activities in Rwanda after 16 years in the country. MSF's work had included assistance to displaced persons, war surgery, programs for unaccompanied children and street children, support to victims traumatized by the conflict, programs to improve access to health care, responding to epidemics such as malaria, cholera, and tuberculosis, and projects linked to maternal and reproductive health.
In 2000, Rwanda faced a growing HIV/AIDS epidemic and a lack of available resources. MSF joined the fight against HIV/AIDS, focusing initially on prevention and awareness before quickly including medical treatment.
In the health centers of Kinyinya and Kimironko in Kigali, thousands of patients have been cared for by MSF. At the time of final handover to the health authorities in December, more than 6,200 patients were receiving medical care in these two health centers, with 2,700 benefiting from antiretroviral treatment (ART). More than 10 percent of these patients were children.
Caring for children with this life-long disease brings particular challenges. MSF medical teams, therefore, developed an innovative approach focusing on the specific needs of children living with HIV/AIDS in Rwanda.
This included discussion of HIV testing of children in adult discussion groups, training specialized staff in psychosocial care and disclosure of the child's status to the child and their caregiver using adapted tools. A key part of MSF's approach was the creation of children-only support groups, which not only give children a voice but also allow them to play an active role in their treatment.
Rwanda has now begun a clear shift towards long-term development plans. The number of organizations in the country now covers the needs of the population. The AIDS epidemic appears contained due to the high level of investment by local authorities and the support of many international actors. As a result, MSF felt able to end its presence in the country at the end of 2007.
MSF has worked in Rwanda since 1991.