● Where there are ongoing violent conflicts and forced displacement: South Sudan, DRC, CAR, Somalia (thought MSF was forced to withdraw from the country in 2013), Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Syria – for example.
 
● Where nutritional crises occur during the months between harvests (generally between June and October) in areas of West Africa (the Sahel) as well as the eastern Horn of Africa, i.e. Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
 
● Where epidemics occur: HIV, MDRTB, Cholera, Measles, Meningitis and neglected diseases like Kala Azar, Chagas, and Sleeping Sickness.
 
● Where natural disasters have occurred, akin to those that, over the past few years, struck Haiti, Pakistan, Chile, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.