Life in Crisis tells the story of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and its effort to save lives on a global scale. Begun in 1971 as a French alternative to the Red Cross, MSF has grown into an international institution with a reputation for outspoken protest as well as technical efficiency. It has also expanded beyond emergency response, providing for a wider range of endeavors, including AIDS care. Yet its seemingly simple ethical goal proves deeply complex in practice. MSF continually faces the problem of defining its own limits. Its minimalist form of care recalls the promise of state welfare, but without political resolution or a sense of well-being beyond health and survival. Lacking utopian certainty, the group struggles when the moral clarity of crisis fades. Nevertheless, it continues to take action and innovate. Its organizational history illustrates both the logic and the tensions of casting humanitarian medicine into a leading role in international affairs.
Peter Redfield is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina. He is the author of Space in the Tropics: From Convicts to Rockets in French Guiana (2000).
Praise for Life in Crisis
"An intriguing read that will be useful for students as well as health care practitioners. . . Recommended."—D. E. Bill, CHOICE
"Life in Crisis is a coherent, evocative, critical and balanced piece of scholarship."—Alejandro Cerón, Global Public Health
“Peter Redfield’s beautifully and evocatively written Life in Crisis: The Ethical Journey of Doctors Without Borders, is an extremely accessible and in-depth ethnographic view of the humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders. Redfield’s generous and honest examination of humanitarianism’s contemporary ethical dilemmas brings a novel approach to these often intractable issues; refusing easy answers, Life in Crisis instead challenges readers to think what it means to act, even without hope.”—Miriam Ticktin, author of Casualties of Care: Immigration and the Politics of Humanitarianism in France
“While humanitarianism has recently become a major domain of investigation in the social sciences, it still lacked its ethnography: with Peter Redfield’s subtle, insightful and deeply honest study of Doctors Without Borders, we now have it. Bringing together the ethical issues raised by the project of saving lives, such as the triage of patients, the practice of bearing witness, and the aporia of neutrality, Life in Crisis offers a generous but critical perspective on the Nobel Prize winning organization.”—Didier Fassin, author of Humanitarian Reason. A Moral History of the Present