Teams from Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) have begun distributing more than 50,000 family protection and home disinfection kits in Monrovia, Liberia, as part of the organization’s Ebola response. The kits are designed to give people some protection should a family member become ill and also allow them to disinfect their homes, reducing the chance that others in the household could become infected.
“We know these kits are not the solution to the Ebola crisis in Monrovia,” said Anna Halford, coordinator for the distribution. “But the scale of the epidemic, and the inadequacy of the response so far, means that we are forced to take unprecedented and imperfect measures.
"In order to get the epidemic under control, all infected people must be able to have a bed in a treatment center, but until the facilities that have been promised materialize, this will be impossible. In the meantime, these kits offer people some protection from an infected family member until they can get the medical care they need in an Ebola management center.”
The kits, which are distributed in two buckets, contain chlorine, soap, gloves, a gown, plastic bags, a spray bottle, and masks. The kits also contain health promotion messages and instructions for their safe use. MSF started the distribution by giving the kits to people who were turned away from MSF’s treatment center when it was full, to contacts of patients at the center, to those working at the center, and to those living nearby.
“Our kits are not designed to allow people to care for an Ebola patient in their homes,” said Laurence Sailly, MSF head of mission in Monrovia. “To do this safely, people need intensive training and support, but it will allow people to protect themselves from a sick family member for a short time until they can be admitted to a treatment center.”
The kits were also given to higher risk groups such as health workers who may have caring responsibilities in their local areas. MSF is now focusing on families in densely populated areas of the city which have reported large numbers of cases, and where people may not have the money to buy items needed to protect themselves and their families, such as Westpoint and New Cru Town. The mass distribution, which started last September 25, is expected to take between six and eight weeks. More than 16,000 kits have been distributed so far.
To distribute the kits, MSF’s teams work with local leaders in each community to give tokens to women in each household. Early in the morning on a designated day the token can be exchanged for a family protection and home disinfection kit.