In recent weeks, amid a simmering conflict that’s been afflicting Central Africam Republic (CAR) for more than a year, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has deployed new mobile medical teams to attend to the widespread needs, especially on the main road between Batangafo and Bouca, around Bossangoa, and in the southwest of the country. These activities are designed to enable MSF, after each new episode of violence, to assess and respond quickly to the needs of the people, many of whom are huddled together in temporary refuges or hiding in the bush.
Rosa Crestani, an MSF emergency coordinator just back from CAR, described the emergency response in Bouar that she recently took part in:
What are the MSF mobile emergency teams doing?
Our teams already present in the country wanted to reinforce their capability to respond quickly to requirements. To do that, we set up an emergency mobile team.
The aim is to get as soon as possible to areas where a new outbreak of violence has occurred, to assess and meet the needs. If you get there fast, you can actually expect to have an impact on mortality, and thus make a difference.
The idea is to stabilize the wounded as quickly as possible and have a referral system to operational hospitals that are able to treat these cases. For the displaced persons, who have sometimes lost everything when they fled, we distribute the basic necessities. This can range from simple distribution of soap, for some families who have not lost their possessions, to the distribution of "family kits" for people whose house was burned down.
And finally, these mobile emergency teams organize mobile consultations that provide basic medical care, mainly for malaria. Malaria is the most lethal disease in the Central African Republic. But we also see a lot of respiratory infections and skin diseases associated with the poor living conditions of displaced people.
How did MSF intervene in Bouar?
We were informed that violent clashes had taken place on October 26 in Bouar, a town situated in the west of the country. We set off, and once we arrived on the spot, the team immediately began to treat the wounded: there were 16 of them. Some had gunshot wounds, others had severe trauma such as wounds or fractures.
During the attack, some people, particularly children, fell down while trying to flee. Some patients had already had operations with the means available, so we had to redo some surgery. Nine of them were evacuated, mainly to Paoua hospital, which is supported by MSF. In the Central African Republic, medical staff have no experience with the treatment of gunshot wounds. That is a definite requirement!
In the city, there were about 9,000 internally displaced persons, mainly concentrated in two main sites: 6,000 people in St. Laurent parish and 1,400 at St. Joseph. The team conducted medical consultations and distributed basic necessities.
Afterwards, tensions eased in the city and people began returning home. The MSF team left for the bush, on the roads out of Bouar to provide consultations for the people. They drove through burnt-out villages and found that local people were hiding in the bush or in their fields.
They were terrified, and every time they heard a car, they ran away, for fear of encountering armed men. In total, in two weeks of intervention, our small mobile team carried out 2,000 consultations.
We are continuing! On November 16, two mobile teams left for Mbaiki and Yaloké, in the southwest of the country. Apparently there are newly displaced persons in these areas. They will assess the situation and intervene if necessary.
These teams can be effective if we are promptly informed of the occurrence of further violence, and if they can travel as soon as possible. But they cannot cover all the needs.
Health is one thing; but these people also need clean water, food and security. And in that regard, very little has been done.
In most places, people remain in the bush for weeks, without any assistance. Organizations in the country, including the United Nations, have not yet mobilized any emergency response capability.
MSF has been working in the CAR since 1996 and runs seven regular projects in five of the seven health districts through support to seven hospitals and around 40 health centers. Three other projects were opened during 2013 to respond to emergencies, and MSF plans to further increase its intervention capability in the country. In 2012, a total of 600,000 consultations were provided and more than 260,000 cases of malaria were treated.