The prevalence of HIV among commercial sex workers in Nsanje, Malawi, is an alarming 82 percent; with no local response and a low supply of condoms in the district, sex workers are a driver of new infections.
With approximately 930,000 infected persons, Malawi has one of the world's highest HIV/AIDS rates. But although 211 national facilities were offering free antiretroviral medicine (ARVs) as of late 2008, only 50 percent of patients had access to the drugs and another 290,000 were still awaiting treatment. To combat this alarming health emergency, MSF is applying a new decentralized HIV approach that brings treatment closer to the patients.
A cholera outbreak in Malawi that began in November has escalated considerably, with the number of cases growing by more than 100 percent in January. So far, 1,142 patients have been treated and 39 people have died.