In April 2014, an estimated 90,000 people fleeing violence in South Sudan had settled in Ethiopia’s Gambella region.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing assistance in four different locations. In Lietchuor camp, home to 44,000 refugees, MSF has set up an inpatient department with an intensive therapeutic feeding center (85 beds), an out-patient department and a maternity ward.
When epidemiologists with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) recorded a high child mortality rate at the Yida refugee camp in South Sudan, MSF took action. Vaccine-preventable diseases, including pneumonia, were killing the camp’s children.
Since fighting erupted in Bor, Jonglei State, people have been fleeing to the town of Awerial, in neighboring Lakes State, seeking safety. However, the area does not have the capacity to absorb all of the new arrivals. Living conditions are near catastrophic, and more medical and humanitarian assistance is urgently needed.
Around 70,000 refugees have been registered in Yida camp in South Sudan's Unity State, nine miles from the border with Sudan, since 2011. Most have arrived after fleeing the violent conflict in Sudan's Nuba Mountains.
During last year's rainy season, the mortality rate among young children in the camp rose well above the emergency threshold of two deaths per day per 10,000 people, mostly due to infectious diseases related to the camp's poor hygiene conditions, which were further exacerbated by the rains.
Civilians have been fleeing the conflict between Sudanese government forces and rebels from the North Sudanese People Liberation Movement (SPLM-North) in Sudan's South Kordofan region since June 2011. The only option for many displaced people is to seek refuge in the camp of Yida, just on the other side of the border in South Sudan. As Yida's population continues to grow, the camp's location has become a source of complex political tensions that increasingly threaten the condition of the refugees.
As South Sudan marks the first anniversary of its independence on July 9, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams are struggling to save lives in one of the most complicated and challenging refugee crises in its history. Having arrived with stories of violence, some 100,000 Sudanese refugees, many of them ill, have sought sanctuary in camps in Upper Nile State with inadequate resources and harsh living conditions.