Although tuberculosis (TB) is preventable and curable, it is the second-biggest infectious disease killer behind HIV and claims nearly 1.3 million lives each year.
The spread of drug-resistant strains of the disease is increasingly recognized as a public health emergency. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is an umbrella term that refers to tuberculosis strains which resist the drugs routinely used to treat conventional TB.
After over a decade of international aid and investment, Afghans still struggle to access critical medical care due to insecurity, distance, cost, or the dysfunction of many health facilities. There has been some progress, but maternal and infant mortality in Afghanistan remain among the highest in the world, casualties from violence are mounting, and unmet medical and humanitarian needs continue to soar.
Before the opening of the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) surgical hospital in Kunduz Province, northern Afghanistan, people in the region suffering from severe injuries had two options. They made the long and dangerous journey to Kabul or Pakistan, or they visited an expensive private clinic. As a result, few patients received the trauma care they needed.
Bihar State, in northeastern India, is a major epicenter of the parasitic disease visceral leishmaniasis—also known as kala azar. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) works in Bihar’s Vaishali district to treat this complicated and deadly disease.
Photographer Julie Remy documented life and MSF's work in the Dhaka slum of Kamrangirchar, a rapidly expanding settlement on the banks of a badly polluted river where health needs are significant and often go unmet.
In Sukkur, Sindh Province, as well as other areas in Pakistan, people displaced by the flooding that began at the end of July are still suffering. About 1,198 Pakistani MSF staff, with 135 international staff, have so far conducted more than 49,500 medical consultations and are distributing 1,250,400 liters (330,320 gallons) of clean water per day in Sindh, Punjab, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa provinces.
Photojournalist Ton Koene traveled to Helmand Province, Afghanistan, in June 2010 to visit the MSF project in the capital, Lashkargah. Intense conflict in the province has left around one million people without access to the health care they need. Here, Koene documents how each member of the MSF team there is working to save lives and provide free medical care in Lashkargah.