Women and children are extremely vulnerable to sexual violence during times of conflict. Rape is frequently used by armed groups as a weapon of war, and in places where law and order have crumbled, vulnerable people simply have no recourse, leaving attackers to act with impunity. Such is the case in Central African Republic (CAR), where the brutal fighting continues.
In April 2014, an estimated 90,000 people fleeing violence in South Sudan had settled in Ethiopia’s Gambella region.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing assistance in four different locations. In Lietchuor camp, home to 44,000 refugees, MSF has set up an inpatient department with an intensive therapeutic feeding center (85 beds), an out-patient department and a maternity ward.
When epidemiologists with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) recorded a high child mortality rate at the Yida refugee camp in South Sudan, MSF took action. Vaccine-preventable diseases, including pneumonia, were killing the camp’s children.
Estrella has been pregnant and living in a camp for displaced people in Bangui, the capital of Central African Republic, since violence drove her from her neighborhood in the city. The M’Poko Camp, near Bangui international airport, hosts around 40,000 people. The assistance there is insufficient.
Civilians have been fleeing the conflict between Sudanese government forces and rebels from the North Sudanese People Liberation Movement (SPLM-North) in Sudan's South Kordofan region since June 2011. The only option for many displaced people is to seek refuge in the camp of Yida, just on the other side of the border in South Sudan. As Yida's population continues to grow, the camp's location has become a source of complex political tensions that increasingly threaten the condition of the refugees.