In April 2014, an estimated 90,000 people fleeing violence in South Sudan had settled in Ethiopia’s Gambella region.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing assistance in four different locations. In Lietchuor camp, home to 44,000 refugees, MSF has set up an inpatient department with an intensive therapeutic feeding center (85 beds), an out-patient department and a maternity ward.
Although tuberculosis (TB) is preventable and curable, it is the second-biggest infectious disease killer behind HIV and claims nearly 1.3 million lives each year.
The spread of drug-resistant strains of the disease is increasingly recognized as a public health emergency. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is an umbrella term that refers to tuberculosis strains which resist the drugs routinely used to treat conventional TB.
When epidemiologists with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) recorded a high child mortality rate at the Yida refugee camp in South Sudan, MSF took action. Vaccine-preventable diseases, including pneumonia, were killing the camp’s children.
Estrella has been pregnant and living in a camp for displaced people in Bangui, the capital of Central African Republic, since violence drove her from her neighborhood in the city. The M’Poko Camp, near Bangui international airport, hosts around 40,000 people. The assistance there is insufficient.
After over a decade of international aid and investment, Afghans still struggle to access critical medical care due to insecurity, distance, cost, or the dysfunction of many health facilities. There has been some progress, but maternal and infant mortality in Afghanistan remain among the highest in the world, casualties from violence are mounting, and unmet medical and humanitarian needs continue to soar.