The report "Trapped at the Gates of Europe" raises the alarm about the situation of Sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco. Sub-Saharan migrants making their way to Europe often find themselves trapped in this country, and as EU border nations step up their combat against illegal immigration, the migrants' living conditions worsen. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) staff observed an escalation in intentional violence, and increased numbers of patients abused by Moroccan security forces and sometimes by Spanish security forces. The report also looks at sexual violence endured by female migrants. In the past two years, MSF has treated 700 victims who receive no assistance or protection from the authorities. In spite of the violence, migrants' access to healthcare has somewhat improved, notes the report. With human rights now the number one priority among advocates, MSF has handed over its activities to specialist organizations.
Photos by Mattia Insolera. Since the conflict in Libya broke out, almost 18,000 people have fled the country, trying to reach the Italian coast. One of the biggest centers for these asylum seekers is in Mineo, Italy. Here, some of them describe their experiences in Libya, the situation inside the center, and the uncertainty about their futures.
Stories include: MSF teams treating wounded people in Misrata, Libya; the need for mental healthcare to survivors of Japan's tsunami; the new treatment target set by the United Nations to reach 15 million people living with HIV by 2015; and amendments to French law that suspend the ability of foreigners to get a temporary right of residence, which could create a public health risk.
Thousands of migrants and refugees existing on the margins in South Africa lack access to proper health care and shelter. They face physical and verbal abuse, police harassment and xenophobic attacks. Proper legal status is often difficult to obtain, if not impossible. Gangs prey on them when they cross the border into South Africa and in the derelict buildings where they find temporary housing. As a result, many face further threats living in dangerous conditions, particularly in Johannesburg. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing health care to these vulnerable people in Musina, a town on the border with Zimbabwe, and in Johannesburg.
Zimbabweans have been crossing the border seeking refuge in South Africa for years. They are fleeing an economic and humanitarian crisis, trying to survive. But many risk their lives by making the journey; on both sides of the border they are preyed upon by violent gangs and others.