Armed conflict is continuing in Sudan's South Kordofan and Blue Nile states, and approximately 200,000 refugees have fled to camps in South Sudan since 2011. These refugees face many health problems including malnutrition and respiratory tract infections, according to MSF's Silvia de Weerdt.
Ongoing violence in Jonglei state has had a devastating impact on tens of thousands of people, with many forcibly displaced and further cut off from health care due to the destruction of medical facilities
In this interview, André Heller, MSF head of mission in South Sudan, discusses MSF's activities in Yida camp, where MSF has reduced the mortality rate of refugees fleeing conflict and food insecurity in Sudan.
Soaked by rain yet short on clean water, refugees who have fled from Sudan to South Sudan are dying from diarrhea and other preventable diseases at devastating rates, aid agencies said as they made anguished pleas for more help.
Nine children are dying every day from preventable illnesses like diarrhea in an overflowing refugee camp in South Sudan, aid officials said Friday, victims of another internal conflict between Sudan’s Arab-dominated central government and its marginalized people in the hinterland.
Sheik Osman is 55 years old, a father of seven and a leader of 500 families from his village, Kwaimol. He fled Kwaimol in September, along with 18 of the families in his group. They have been living in Jamam camp since December.
"All these people in the camps are normal people who had normal lives. They’re not rich people, but they had houses and clothes, and then one day, they had to pack their things, leave their lives behind and start to walk. For weeks on end."
These first-hand accounts describe the situation for tens of thousands of refugees who fled fighting in Sudan and now face a full-blown humanitarian crisis as they seek refuge in already-overcrowded camps in South Sudan.
Elizabeth Ramlow, a midwife from Massachusetts, was seven months into a nine-month assignment with MSF in Luwingu, Zambia, when visa problems cut her time there short. Rather than returning home, however, she went to work in South Sudan’s Doro refugee camp in Maban, where an MSF emergency team had set up a clinic to care for tens of thousands of refugees fleeing conflict just over the border in Sudan.
Dr. Ana Maria Guzman, a physician and clinical researcher from Maryland, recently returned from six months overseeing medical activities at MSF’s clinic in the town of Gogrial, in South Sudan’s Warrap State. Below, she talks about her time in Gogrial, where MSF has worked since 2009 as the sole organization serving the medical needs of nearly a quarter of a million people in the area.
One of the key issues that have yet to be resolved in the Iowa legislature this session is education reform. The House and Senate have passed dueling plans and the Governor says the Senate’s version is “watered down.” Join host Ben Kieffer as he’s joined by Governor Terry Branstad. We’ll ask him about education reform and about the debate over finely textured lean beef – or what critics are calling “pink slime.” Later, Ben talks with Elizabeth Wentzel, who after raising five children decided to chase her life-long dream to travel to a far away land to work and support others less fortunate. The Pilot Mound native is on a nine month assignment in the newly independent nation of South Sudan working as a nurse for Doctors Without Borders.
Following inter-communal violence on January 11 in northern Jonglei State, South Sudan, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is treating several people with serious wounds, including women and children.
Despite the ostensible cessation of the fighting that wracked Ivory Coast earlier this year, violence against civilians has continued in some rural regions, particularly in the southwest. In mid-September, for instance, up to 16 people were killed and 50 homes were burned in an attack on the town of Zriglo.
On May 26, a suicide bomber killed 36 people and wounded approximately 60 more near a police station in northwestern Pakistan’s Hangu district, just a few blocks from the hospital where MSF’s team lives and works.
This past January, the people of southern Sudan voted overwhelmingly for independence, and in July the world will see the birth of a new country. It will be a country that faces enormous challenges—not least the urgent medical and humanitarian needs of millions of people.
A boy holds his younger brother as he stands in a field in Gogrial, in southern Sudan. The people of southern Sudan will face a huge choice on January 9, when they vote in a referendum that could result in the birth of a new country.
In southern Sudan, most medical facilities were destroyed during more than two decades of civil war. Now, the dire lack of health clinics, the long distances involved in reaching them, often days of walking and the unattainable costs of care are all barriers to people seeking medical help.
"We found that two factors were irregular this year. First, it was highly unusual that cases would begin as early as July. This is seven weeks earlier than last year. Secondly, the high number of cases..."
Given the current outbreak of the parasitic disease, more capacity to deal with the influx of patients is needed. The new site in Malakal comes in addition to MSF project sites in Lankien and Pagil and surrounding areas, all of which are treating unusually high numbers of kala azar patients.
After three separate security incidents forced the suspension of MSF's activites in Gumuruk, in Jonglei State, MSF calls on all parties to respect the neutraility of its medical activities and facilities.
Nairobi/New York, December 14 2009 - The people of Southern Sudan are trapped in a worsening crisis following the most violent year since the 2005 peace agreement that ended more than two decades of civil war with the North. However, the response to the escalating emergency is inadequate, said the international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).
MSF is responding to outbreaks of kala azar—a severe parasitic disease—in Southern Sudan. The emergency is in several locations across the eastern part of the region, and MSF is treating patients in its clinics in Pibor and Lankien, both in Jonglei State, and using mobile teams in Rom, in Upper Nile State, to actively trace patients.
On Sunday, September 20, yet another violent clash broke out in Duk Patdiet, Jonglei State, in Southern Sudan. This is part of an escalating wave of violence in the region that has been ongoing since the beginning of the year.
On August 29, a violent attack in Twic East County, Jonglei State in Southern Sudan, resulted in the reported deaths of 42 people, many of them women and children. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is currently mobilizing resources to help the victims of the attack, which injured more than 60 persons and displaced up to 24,000 people.
In the northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and in the south of neighboring Sudan, Ugandan rebels from the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) have been perpetrating acts of extreme violence on civilians in response to operations conducted against them by national armies of the DRC, Uganda, and southern Sudan.
MSF provides care to hundreds of thousands of people in six states in Southern Sudan. In recent months, increasing violence and insecurity caused mostly by fighting between different tribes, as well as heightened tensions around disarmament initiatives, criminality in the regional capital, Juba, and road banditry has made it more difficult for MSF field teams to reach people in need of aid.
On Friday, May 8, an attack on the village of Torkej in Upper Nile State in Southern Sudan, located on the border with Jonglei State, resulted in the arrival of many war wounded to a Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital in Nasir. Patients reported that many people were dead in the village and that thousands were forced to flee. Torkej is approximately 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Nasir, where MSF runs a hospital providing basic health care and surgical care.
Following recent outbreaks of violence between rival ethnic groups in Jonglei State, Southern Sudan, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) teams are treating wounded from each side, assisting those who fled their villages, and treating malnutrition and cholera.
Malnutrition is the most acute problem for the displaced population from Abyei and its surroundings. Before the fighting began, malnutrition rates were above 50 percent, based on screenings carried out in the hospital in Abyei.
Geneva/Khartoum/Juba/New York, May 22, 2008 — Since May 14, fighting between the Sudanese armed forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) has devastated the town of Abyei, which has been virtually destroyed. Almost the entire local population has fled to the north and south of the town to seek refuge.
Since February 2008, the situation in Aweil, Bahr-el-Ghazal State, has worsened. The combination of: clashes between armed forces and tribal militias along the disputed border of northern and southern Sudan; ongoing political tensions; increased food insecurity due to flooding last year and the return of thousands of Sudanese former refugees; and a lack of functioning medical facilities has prompted MSF to launch an emergency response.
In southern Sudan, thousands of families displaced by the recent armed conflict in the oil-rich region of Abyei are in need of emergency assistance. This is occurring in a region where resources are already extremely depleted.
More than three years after the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in January 2005, medical needs remain critical, and simmering tensions create a precarious security situation. This report focuses on the areas of Greater Upper Nile, including Unity, northern Jonglei and Upper Nile States. Although extrapolations to other areas must be done with caution, the health situation in Greater Upper Nile can be considered representative of many of the war-devastated communities in southern Sudan.
Southern Sudan has paid one of the highest prices among countries affected by meningitis this year. Several teams from Doctors Without Borders/Médecins sans Frontières (MSF) are caring for those affected by the deadly epidemic and vaccinating the population at risk throughout a number of states in the region. To make matters worse, cholera is quickly progressing in a number of areas.
Doctors Without Borders is approved by the Internal Revenue Service as a 501 (C) (3) tax-exempt organization, and all donations are tax deductible to the extent provided by law. Doctors Without Borders Federal Identification Number (EIN) is 13-3433452.