Central to MSF's work in Guinea is medical aid to the country's refugee population. With conflict in Liberia escalating in 2002, a fresh wave of refugees arrived in Guinea. MSF was already present in several camps and responded in Macenta, Guéckédou, Kissidougou, Nzérékoré and Boreah. Guineans living in Côte d'Ivoire also fled the outbreak of civil war there; by December 50,000 were living in transit camps inside Guinea. MSF also provides other assistance: care at health centers and health posts in rural districts; hospital support; training for traditional birth attendants; psychosocial support for street children; and aid to the country's national tuberculosis program. In 2002, a sexual violence component was added to refugee health projects in Guinea. In March 2003, an HIV/AIDS program began in Conakry.
Doctors Without Borders is approved by the Internal Revenue Service as a 501 (C) (3) tax-exempt organization, and all donations are tax deductible to the extent provided by law. Doctors Without Borders Federal Identification Number (EIN) is 13-3433452.