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MSF in Mozambique, 2002
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Reducing transmission of HIV/AIDS to babies
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has devastated this southern African country, where over a million or 13% of adults aged 15 to 49 are HIV-positive. In 1999, the government designed a national strategic plan to fight the disease. However, three years later, few of the plan's ambitious intentions have been realized. MSF projects in Mozambique are focused essentially on the AIDS crisis.
Through clinics, hospitals and home visits, MSF provides comprehensive HIV/AIDS care in Maputo, Niassa and Tete provinces. Services include voluntary testing and counseling, treatment of opportunistic infections, and education and prevention. By mid-2002, MSF had begun using antiretrovirals to prevent mother-to-child transmission of the virus in Maputo and Tete; and was looking at expanding their use for wider indications.
In Niassa, MSF work is centered on voluntary counseling and testing for AIDS as well as detection and treatment of AIDS-related infections in the provincial hospital in Lichinga. In the capital Maputo similar activities are carried out in several health centers. In February 2002, MSF opened a new HIV day clinic in the hospital in Tete town.
Cholera continues to be a problem in Mozambique, and MSF is helping improve water and sanitation facilities in Maputo, Zambezia and Niassa provinces. A cholera alert and response system, which includes 14 cholera treatment centers, was recently established. In January 2002, MSF provided care during a cholera epidemic in Tete province.
MSF first worked in Mozambique in 1984.