MSF treats HIV/AIDS patients in prisons and in the civil sector of Transnistria, a breakaway region of Moldova. The region suffers from a lack of resources and political instability. Here, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS is around 4 times higher than in the rest of Moldova. MSF provides life-prolonging anti-retroviral (ARV) therapy for the patients, as well as testing, counseling, health education for the HIV-positive people and their families, rehabilitation and equipment of health facilities and laboratories, and trainings for the local medical personnel. The project is scheduled to be handed-over to the local Ministry of Health by the end of 2008.