El Sereif camp, near the South Darfur State capital Nyala, saw an influx of newly displaced people in March and April, fleeing conflict and the total destruction of their villages in areas to the southwest of Nyala. The MSF medical team that had been working in the camp since August 2013 was already responding to the health consequences of poor living conditions. While some of the new arrivals have now left the camp, the 4,500 that have stayed are in particularly terrible conditions, sheltering on a patch of desert with almost none of the basics essentials to sustain life. Before the new influx, camp residents were surviving on less than five litres of water per person per day when the recognized minimum for emergencies is 15 litres – and the new arrivals have access to even less water, not enough to adequately sustain human life.