*** Local Caption *** Since December 2013, extreme violence in the Central African Republic continues, and frontlines continue to shift with regular clashes between anti-Balaka militias and ex-Séléka rebel groups, as well as criminal elements acting with impunity. Although international forces on the ground are growing in number, they are still unable to secure the protection of the civilian population, in particular the Muslim communities that have either fled or live in a few enclaves under international armed protection. <br>
In Carnot, around 900 Muslim IPDs are thus staying at the Catholic Church in crowded and unsanitary conditions, guarded by African Union soldiers from Cameroon. MSF provides medical care, water and food supply and sanitation.<br>
MSF has also been running since 2010 an HIV/TB project (10% prevalence in the area) and provides support to three health centres, mainly for conditions such as malaria, respiratory infections and diarrhoea. In 2012, new activities began: paediatrics, OPD and IPD, support to routine vaccination program, internal medicine and malaria.