Rohingya refugees cross the border into Bangladesh during monson rains
BANGLADESH 2017 © Antonio Faccilongo
After a wave of targeted violence against the Rohingya, more than 530,000 people fled to Bangladesh from Rakhine State in Myanmar since 25 August. The most recent influx of Rohingya refugees has added to the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya who fled across the border during episodes of violence in previous years.

Most of the newly arrived refugees have moved into makeshift settlements without adequate access to shelter, food, clean water, or latrines. Two of the main pre-existing settlements in Kutupalong and Balukhali have effectively merged into one densely populated mega-settlement of nearly 500,000 people, making it one of the largest refugee concentrations in the world.