Kala azar—or visceral leishmaniasis—is a treatable but largely neglected disease. Southern Sudan is currently facing a massive kala azar epidemic. This is a region where three-quarters of the population has no access to basic medical care, and the health system is unable to deal with an emergency on this scale.
At least 10 percent of the population in Bolivia is carrying the parasite for Chagas disease. Few people, including medical staff, are aware of its prevalence, but MSF is running a groundbreaking program there.
MSF is offering mental health care to displaced people in Mindanao, in the Philippines, and providing health care in Balochistan province in Pakistan, where decades of insecurity has made medical services rare.