The duty of treating the wounded and sick, and the correlating protection of medical personnel and facilities, has been at the core of international humanitarian law (IHL) since its inception in 1864. This was further enshrined in the Four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Two Additional Protocols of 1977. The protection of medical services in war zones is also part of International Humanitarian Customary Rules and is reflected in the domestic law and military code of all countries around the world.
The Ebola epidemic in West Africa deeply impacted public opinion at an international level. Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) received massive financial support from thousands of donors all over the world. In 2014 alone, 70 million euros (approximately $93 million) were received through private donations, and 15 million (approximately $20 million) through public funds.