Stateless Rohingya people in Bangladesh are currently victims to unprecedented levels of violence and attempts at forced repatriation.

The first confirmed case of HIV infection in China was reported in 1989. Twenty years later, UNAIDS estimates that there are some 740,000 people living with HIV/AIDS across the country, with an estimated 48,000 new infections in 2009. By the early 2000s, Chinese authorities had recognised the widespread nature of the HIV epidemic and reacted by implementing new policies, as well as treatment, prevention and control programmes.