CAR: Calm Returns to Carnot, But Many Remain Displaced

Charlotte Nouette-Delorme/MSF

Despite a return to calm, the situation in Central African Republic (CAR) remains unstable and over 450,000 people are still displaced within the country. At the Catholic Church in Carnot, a town in western CAR, the displaced are gradually moving out of what has become an enclave. But many families do not want to return home.

Amadou was a shopkeeper. He, his wife, and their three children traveled over 60 miles on a motorbike to escape the violence in their village. They arrived at the displaced persons camp set up in the church in Carnot in early 2014.

Over 500 people still live at the church; most are Muslim shopkeepers and their families. For over two years, the insecurity and presence of armed groups around the church prevented them from leaving the compound, which has become an enclave within the town.

The situation appears to have stabilized somewhat in recent months, enabling the displaced to re-launch their businesses or cultivate their fields and return at nightfall. “We can go out during the day now, go to the market, walk down the main road, which we couldn’t before because it was too dangerous,” says Amadou.

But the trauma caused by the violence they experienced remains, and many families still don’t want to go back to where they come from. “Some families here come from too far way and they haven’t got the means to go back,” says MSF social and health worker Stanislas Tatale. “Others’ houses have been completely destroyed and they can’t re-build them, or [other] people have moved into them. But mainly many of them are scared of going back and the violence starting up again.”

MSF is continuing the activities it set up in early 2014 to assist the displaced. A mobile clinic provides medical consultations in the enclave once a week and, since the beginning of 2016, more than 320 consultations have been given, mainly for respiratory infections, malaria, and gastritis--illnesses caused by the poor living conditions at the church.

“I was there when the first displaced person arrived at the church,” remembers Tatale. “He walked 180 kilometers [about 112 miles] from Bossemptele, a village northwest of Carnot, to take refuge here. It’s been over two years now, and there are still 500 people here. I hope that real peace will return to the country and that they’ll be able to go home. In the meantime, MSF provides them with essential medical care.”

Slideshow: Treating the Displaced in Carnot, CAR

MSF has worked in Carnot since 2009, supporting the town’s hospital (pediatric and nutrition services and internal medicine) as well as two satellite health centers.

Since February 2014, MSF also delivers medical care to the displaced people who have taken refuge in the town’s Catholic church. A health worker refers acute cases to the hospital and every Thursday a mobile clinic is on hand to provide basic medical services to the 533 people still living in the church. 

In 2014, fighting between anti-Balakas and Sélékas took place in Carnot. Muslims stigmatization has led to a massacre and the departure of most of them for Cameroon. Those who could not flee took refuge in the church compound. End of 2015, 540 Muslims from Carnot remain in this shelter, without freedom of movement. MSF is conducting a weekly mobile clinic for this population and intervenes temporarily in other aspects (shelter, sanitation, food)
Charlotte Nouette-Delorme/MSF