Hundreds of thousands of ethnic Rohingya refugees from Myanmar fled to Bangladesh following a campaign of targeted violence against the community that began on August 25, 2017. By the end of 2017, there were more than 647,000 new arrivals at makeshift camps in Bangladesh. They joined thousands of other Rohingya who had fled earlier waves of violence and persecution in Myanmar’s Rakhine state. The Rohingya are a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority who have lived in Myanmar for hundreds of years but were effectively stripped of their citizenship and made stateless in 1982.
Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has provided medical aid to the Rohingya for decades, however the scale of the current crisis is unprecedented. This is the fastest-growing refugee emergency in the world, according to the United Nations. In December 2017, MSF released the results of mortality surveys documenting the shocking scope of recent violence against the Rohingya community. MSF has expanded operations in Bangladesh and is calling for unfettered access to treat people in Rakhine state, Myanmar.