Greece: Anxiety and Depression in Elliniko Sports Stadium


Every morning, two Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) vehicles pull up in front of one of the three stadiums that comprise the sports complex of Elliniko, in a suburb of the Greek capital, Athens. Built on a former airfield, the stadiums were put up for the 2004 Olympic Games. Now they house men, women, and children who fled their countries in search of safety in Europe.

Most people here are from Afghanistan. They were civil engineers, teacher, tilers, truck drivers, reception clerks, coffee shop owners, students . . . Leaving behind conflict and violence, as well as all their possessions, most risked their lives to get here, walking across the snowy mountains of Pakistan, their children in their arms, hiding from police and armed men, and eventually crossing the sea between Turkey and Greece in dangerous rubber dinghies.

A Clear Need for Care

For the past month, an MSF medical team, including midwives, psychologists, health promoters, and cultural mediators has been running mobile clinics in Elliniko, providing about 30 free consultations each day. The news has spread around the camp; people know when to expect the team and are already queuing when the vehicles arrive on site.

Walking amongst the tents set up inside the sports stadium, MSF cultural mediator Mohammad is called over by a woman. "I need help, please . . . I can’t stand this anymore," she cries. Her name is Fahima. Looking for a bit of privacy behind the closed doors of her small tent, and under the concerned eyes of her loving husband, she tells her story.

"The Taliban Said They Would Kill Us All"

"I was living in Kabul with my husband and our three children," says Fahima. "My beloved father was working for an American oil company. One day, on his way from Kabul to Kandahar, he was stopped by the Taliban. They beheaded him. My husband was working for an international nongovernmental organization, and because of this we received a letter from the Taliban saying that we were no longer Muslims, and that they would kill us all. So we fled. I had to leave my mother behind because she is too old to travel. I feel so hopeless, I’ve become crazy; I’m violent towards my children, towards myself . . . " Mohammad arranges for Fahima to get support from an MSF psychologist.

Read More Stories: Voices from Elliniko

Fahima’s story is just one among many, and every day there is a queue of men, women, and children waiting for a one-on-one consultation with the MSF psychologist. "We are seeing a lot of people with symptoms of anxiety and depression, mainly due to traumatic experiences," says MSF medical coordinator Fouzia El Yaagoubi. "A lot of our patients were threatened and forced to flee; many were victims of physical violence or witnessed violence towards family members; some were victims of human trafficking or domestic violence."

"The fact that people are living in very difficult conditions, in overcrowded sites, with no privacy and no decent sanitation facilities or food, is increasing their malaise," says El Yaagoubi. "The lack of consistent and credible information available also makes their life a nightmare, because they don’t know what will become of them."

Addressing Women's Health

MSF midwives are also providing medical consultations specifically for women, most of whom have not seen a doctor for months. "Sexual and reproductive health care is highly needed," says El Yaagoubi. "Almost four in five of our patients come for gynecological consultations, the majority of them suffering from sexual infections. We are also seeing pregnant women, for whom the main fear is having to give birth in a tent."


Every morning, two small trucks of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) park in front of one of the 3 stadiums that are art of the sporting complex of Elliniko. In the suburb of Athens, the former Elliniko airport has been converted into three sport stadiums for the Olympic Games in 2004. The infrastructures are now used to host men, women and children who have fled their country. Most of the people here are from Afghanistan. Most of them have fled conflict and violence, leaving everything behind, risking their life to reach Europe, walking across the snowy mountains of Pakistan, carrying their children at arms, hiding from police, armed groups of all kinds, crossing the sea between Turkey and Greece on makeshift boats. For more than a month now MSF is running mobile clinics here with midwifes and psychologist.