HIV/AIDS: Donors Retreat From Funding, Gamble with Patients' Lives

Short-sighted Savings Measures Ignore Latest Science; Will Cost More Lives

International donors are disregarding scientific evidence and seeking short-term cost savings at the expense of ten million people in need of treatment for HIV/AIDS.

July 19, 2010, Vienna/New York — International donors are disregarding scientific evidence of the benefits of earlier and expanded HIV/AIDS treatment in order to achieve short-term cost savings, at the expense of the ten million people in need of treatment, said the international medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna on Monday.

“Today international donors expect doctors to tell patients to come back for treatment when they’re at death’s door,” said Dr. Eric Goemaere, MSF medical coordinator in South Africa. “This is bad medicine. As a doctor I’d much rather give a patient pills today and send her home, than delay treatment and see her in six months at the hospital with complicated tuberculosis.”

With data from its project in the southern African country of Lesotho, MSF will present “late-breaker” evidence at the international AIDS conference this Thursday that shows how earlier treatment reduced the mortality rate and hospitalization of HIV patients by more than 60 percent.

But this type of research is being ignored by international donors, particularly the United States—the world’s primary HIV treatment donor—which is now advising countries to restrict treatment to those in the more advanced stages of HIV disease.

In addition to medical and financial benefits of earlier treatment initiation, studies are also showing that making treatment widely available at the community level is one of the most effective ways to prevent people from getting HIV.

Despite this evidence, there is a general trend toward backtracking on HIV funding, which will increasingly mean treatment delays, deferral, or denials. The Global Fund—the world’s principal funding mechanism for HIV treatment—faces a major financing gap. The US is proposing both continued PEPFAR program flat-funding and a decrease in its contribution to the Global Fund.

Just this week, the German media reported top-level discussions surrounding a three-fold cut of its contribution to the Fund. Austria, the International AIDS Conference host country, has not contributed a single dollar to the Fund since 2001.

This retreat comes after a decade of progress—more than 5.2 million people are alive on treatment today—made possible by the emergence of affordable generic drugs and the commitment of donor countries. With 1.2 million people starting treatment in 2009, progress has been rapid. Yet there are still 10 million people waiting to start treatment and the current climate suggests a decreased commitment to fund treatment for those waiting in line.

“Donors repeatedly promised millions of people a lifeline to treatment,” said Goemaere. “It is a matter of choice: will donors help pay for treatment or let people die?”