A 5-Year-Old Undergoes MDR-TB Treatment in Tajikistan

Wendy Marijnissen

Umeda and her family live in Shariston, a town near Tajikistan’s capital Dushanbe. Her parents are looking for work in Russia while the five-year-old girl stays with her aunt for now. That same aunt helps Umeda with her treatment for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), taking her to the clinic, and making sure she takes all her pills.

Umeda has been on treatment for MDR-TB for six months. Her family was initially sceptical. Umeda 's uncle died of TB; why should treatment work for Umeda? But she started treatment anyway, and her aunt is very happy with the results. "She’s doing so much better," he aunt said. "And she looks much better now."

When Umeda got sick, she lost a lot of weight and was very weak. She could barely talk, and had difficulty breathing. Furthermore, the treatment proved gruelling, especially since she had very little support in the beginning. She was still in a hospital then, and the staff didn’t have much time to tend to Umeda. The little girl showed tremendous resolve, however, by making sure she took her drugs every day, all by herself. Her explanation is simple: “I knew it would make me better.”

She still has a year of treatment to go, and her resolve is slightly diminished now. She doesn’t like the taste of the syrup in which the large pills are dissolved. To ensure that she does continue to take her medicine, MSF works with special incentives. Umeda has a sheet of paper that has the days of the week on them. For each day that she takes her medication, she gets a sticker in the form of a gold star. She wants nothing more than to fill the entire sheet with gold stars. Of course, Umeda knows full well that she should also take her medicine without any incentives or prizes. "If I stop, I get a fever," she said.

Her aunt will continue to support Umeda; that isn’t always a given in these situations. An MSF counsellor named Sorroh gives psychosocial care to the family. "Some parents do not even visit their sick child in the hospital," Sorroh said. "Also, it can be extremely difficult to inform people about measures to stop the disease from spreading. There is a large stigma that still rests on TB. MSF is trying to do something about that. And we are seeing improvement, step by step."

Click here to read more patient stories from MSF's pediatric TB program in Tajikistan.

5-year-old Umeda has MDR-TB. She is staying with her aunt while her parents are visiting family in another district.
Wendy Marijnissen
5-year-old Umeda has MDR-TB. Here she holds up her star chart. She gets a sticker every time she takes her medicine properly. Treating young children with MDR-TB can be very difficult and incentives like these are used to help them take the drugs they need during their treatment.
Wendy Marijnissen