Before the conflict, Mosul had 3,500 hospital beds. After the conflict, the number of hospital beds was reduced to less than 1,000 and has not increased significantly in the past year. Hospital bed capacity is used as a key indicator for health service delivery. Thus, Mosul's health care capacity is still reduced by 70 percent, one year after the conflict ended.
Based on figures from international and local authorities, MSF estimates Mosul's population to be 1.8 million people. The Sphere Standards—the internationally recognized minimum standards in a humanitarian response—state there should be more than 10 hospital beds per 10,000 people.
In May 2018, MSF received 3,557 cases in the emergency room of its west Mosul hospital. Of these cases, 790 were trauma-related, and of these trauma cases, 95 percent were caused by the unsafe living conditions, such as people falling off damaged buildings or walls or buildings collapsing.
MSF has been operating in Iraq since 1991 and works in the governorates of Anbar, Baghdad, Diyala, Erbil, Kirkuk and Ninewa. MSF currently runs a hospital in west Mosul, specializing in maternity, pediatrics and emergency room services, and a surgery and postoperative care facility for war-wounded patients in east Mosul. In July, MSF will start providing mental health services in primary health care clinics in the east and west side of the city.
MSF offers neutral and impartial medical assistance regardless of race, religion, gender or political affiliation. To ensure its independence, MSF does not accept funding from any government or international agency for its programs in Iraq, relying solely on private donations from the general public around the world to carry out its work.