Following violence and subsequent displacement, we provided emergency response assistance to people, via mobile clinics in Geneina in West Darfur and Sortony in North Darfur, and by donating humanitarian aid in Port Sudan, Red Sea State, and Gereida, South Darfur.
In September, the Blue Nile burst its banks, causing devastating floods that affected more than three million people across 17 of Sudan’s 18 states. MSF provided emergency response, including in River Nile state, where we distributed relief items such as hygiene kits and constructed latrines. During an outbreak of a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by mosquitoes in Northern State, we provided treatment and water and sanitation activities.
In November, when conflict broke out in Tigray, Ethiopia, thousands of people fled across the border into Sudan. We sent teams to assist refugees in Al-Gedaref and Kassala states, providing screening for malnutrition, general health care consultations, and water and sanitation in two camps, and at the main border crossing points.
Throughout the year, we continued our regular medical activities in Khartoum, and in North, East, and Central Darfur states, as well as White Nile, Al-Gedaref, and South Kordofan states. These activities included nutritional support for children, maternity care, and treatment for diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV, and kala azar (visceral leishmaniasis).