MSF marks 40 years of work in Mozambique

We have collaborated with communities in Mozambique to respond to emergencies since 1984.

MSF worker distributes relief items to newly displaced people in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique

MSF distributes relief items to people displaced by a surge of violence in Cabo Delgado in 2022, when conflict drove over 80,000 people from their homes. | Mozambique 2024 © Mariana Abdalla/MSF

The year 2024 marks 40 years of Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) providing medical care in Mozambique. Over the past decades, our teams have responded to a wide range of emergencies, disease outbreaks, and conflict.

Since 1984, MSF has collaborated with local authorities and communities in Mozambique to deliver lifesaving medical assistance and support the authorities in strengthening access to health care.

As we look back at 40 years of medical humanitarian work in Mozambique, our teams remain committed to providing timely, effective, and innovative medical assistance to people in need. In 2023, MSF helped people affected by the conflict in Cabo Delgado, people living with advanced HIV, sex workers, youth at risk, and patients affected by neglected tropical diseases.

A Mozambican woman holding a baby smiles at her other child.
"I find my strength to continue living from my children," said Atija.
Mozambique 2024 © Martim Gray Pereira/MSF
News update

MSF in Mozambique 1984 - 2024


MSF becomes the first medical humanitarian organization to operate in all provinces of Mozambique during the armed conflict.

1993 – 2000

MSF supports post-conflict health system reconstruction, provides response to cholera epidemics and floods in the capital Maputo, Gaza, and Limpopo in 2000.


MSF starts working on HIV/AIDS.


In collaboration with the Ministry of Health of Mozambique (MISAU), MSF starts treating patients with antiretroviral therapies in Maputo and Tete.


MSF carries out the first cholera vaccination campaign in the country, in Beira, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health of Mozambique.


MSF launches the Community Support and Adherence Group for people living with HIV in Tete, to increase access to antiretroviral treatment, improve treatment adherence, and reduce patient travel distances for medication and consultations.


MSF starts a project in Maputo to provide care against drug-resistant tuberculosis. This year, we also responded to the flooding in Gaza province.


In the cities of Beira and Tete, MSF offers HIV treatment and prevention care for at-risk populations, including sex workers, men who have sex with men, and transgender women.


MSF starts treating viral hepatitis in Mozambique and initiates the provision of oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention in at-risk communities in Beira and Tete.


Assistance in mobile clinics to offer health services in the camp for displaced people in Espungabera and Manica.


MSF, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health of Mozambique, responds to cholera through a vaccination campaign in Tete.


With the opening of a community center in Maputo, MSF starts a harm reduction program for people who use drugs.


MSF started to work in Cabo Delgado in 2019, delivering healthcare to people displaced by the conflict or returning to their homes. This year, MSF also responds to cyclones Idai and Kenneth, providing logistical and technical support to the Ministry of Health for a cholera vaccination campaign that reached 900,000 people and for treatment of the disease. In addition, MSF’s response focuses on water treatment, disinfection of contaminated water sources, and well cleaning.


MSF provides primary health care, water, and sanitation for internally displaced people in Cabo Delgado province. In Maputo, we start an opioid substitution therapy (Methadone) program for people who use drugs.


MSF supports the Ministry of Health in the COVID-19 response in Maputo, Beira, and Pemba. MSF expands its presence in Cabo Delgado and continues to support the conflict-displaced population with health services, including mental health care, as well as water and sanitation.


MSF starts collaboration with the Ministry of Health in the province of Nampula focusing on neglected tropical diseases, vector-borne diseases, as well as emergency preparedness for cholera and natural disasters.


MSF responds to the largest cholera outbreak in the last eight years in the country, in the city of Quelimane, in Zambezia province. In the coastal city of Beira, MSF runs several programs in partnership with local communities and the Mozambican Ministry of Health to expand access to safe abortion care. From January 2022 to June 2023, provision of safe abortion care at 11 clinics supported by MSF increased by 41 percent.  


MSF continues to be one of the few providers of health care for people affected by conflict in Cabo Delgado, in northern Mozambique. MSF supports three clinics in the village of Macomia and provides lifesaving assistance and medical care to people who have been displaced, including many who have forced to move multiple times.