This information is excerpted from MSF’s 2017 International Activity Report.
In addition to its regular emergency response activities in Haiti, where quality health care is unaffordable for the majority, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) has developed a range of free, specialized medical care.
This specialized care is available at three hospitals MSF manages in the capital Port-au-Prince and benefits people who would otherwise be unable to access this level of service.
Drouillard center, close to Cité Soleil slum, is the only specialized center in the country to focus on the treatment of severe burns–a widespread problem mostly linked to the dire living conditions of destitute Haitians. Around half of patients are children under the age of five who have been injured in domestic accidents. In 2017, the team conducted more than 1,300 emergency room visits and admitted almost 700 patients. Treatment included surgery, dressings, and pain management, as well as physiotherapy, psychological care, and infection control. In one innovative technique, patients were treated with grafts of artificial skin. Most patients came from the Port-au-Prince area, but some were referred from other regions by air ambulance. MSF also trained medical staff and started constructing a new 40-bed hospital to replace the existing temporary facility in 2018.
Mother and child care
The 176-bed Center de Référence d’Urgences Obstétricales (CRUO) cares for pregnant women who present with life-threatening complications such as pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, obstetric hemorrhage, obstructed labor, or uterine rupture. It also cares for newborns requiring treatment for conditions such as low birth weight, difficulty breathing, or who need help feeding. In 2017, the teams assisted 4,864 births, including 1,870 Caesarean sections. Mental health support and post-natal care was also provided.
The Tabarre trauma hospital provides comprehensive treatment for victims of road accidents or gunshot wounds, including surgery and physiotherapy. In 2017, 6,539 surgical operations were performed.
These three facilities, built in the aftermath of the devastating 2010 earthquake, are container-based hospitals designed for only temporary use. CRUO is scheduled to close its doors in 2018, and Tabarre, in mid-2019. Efforts have been made over the years to improve specialized care in the country by training local interns in relevant medical specialties.
Victims of sexual and gender-based violence
An alarmingly high number of young people in Haiti, especially women and girls, experience sexual and gender-based violence. Yet the services available are inadequate. In Port-au-Prince, where the number of victims is particularly high, MSF manages Pran Men’m clinic, which provides medical care and psychological support. In 2017, 769 patients were treated in the clinic.
Primary health care in Martissant slum, Port-au-Prince
In Martissant, the second-largest slum in the country, MSF manages an emergency health care center which is open around the clock. In 2017, it provided 35,800 outpatient consultations and admitted more than 2,000 patients. MSF also organized water and sanitation activities in the slum to prevent the spread of cholera and eliminate Aedes mosquitoes, which carry the dengue, Zika, and chikungunya viruses.
Emergency responses to diseases MSF staff treat cholera patients in both Martissant and CRUO, and support the Ministry of Health with epidemiological surveillance. In the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew, a team also assisted with the second round of cholera vaccination in Port-à-Piment.
Port-à-Piment, Sud department
Port-à-Piment is the latest MSF project, located in the west of the country in a rural area that was severely affected by the hurricane. MSF supports the local health care center, where it focuses mostly on maternal health; the number of births in the facility has quadrupled since the team started to support it.