An MSF staff member helps a patient into an ambulance in Nairobi, Kenya.
KENYA 2016 © Ahmed A Osman/MSF
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This information is excerpted from MSF’s 2016 International Activity Report.

In 2016, Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) opposed the Kenyan government’s decision to close the massive Dadaab refugee camp, which housed more than 300,000 Somali refugees. According to MSF’s October report, more than 80 percent of refugees surveyed said they did not want to return to Somalia, citing issues such as the threat of being forcibly recruited by armed groups, sexual violence, and the lack of access to health care. In November, the government announced it would extend the deadline for Dadaab’s closure until May 2017. Throughout the year, MSF continued its work in the 100-bed hospital in Dagahaley and at two health posts in Dadaab, carrying out 162,653 outpatient consultations and admitting 9,137 patients to the hospital. More than 3,000 babies were born in the hospital’s maternity ward.

In partnership with the Mombasa County Department of Health, MSF launched a sexual and reproductive health project in Mrima health facility to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. In 2016, 1,473 births were assisted and more than 2,000 women attended antenatal consultations.

In Kibera, Nairobi’s largest slum, 176,415 people received medical treatment from MSF in 2016, including 728 patients treated for HIV, 386 for tuberculosis, and 997 for non-communicable diseases. After more than 20 years in Kibera, MSF began the process of handing the clinic over to the Kenyan government and another NGO.

Since 2008, MSF’s clinic in Nairobi Eastlands has provided psychological, medical, legal, and social assistance to victims of sexual and gender-based violence. MSF worked with local authorities to increase access to emergency care for people living in Mathare slum and the Eastleigh neighborhood. A team in Eastlands also supported the detection and treatment of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).

Since 2014, MSF has run a program in Ndhiwa sub-county aimed at controlling the spread of HIV and reducing the number of deaths from the disease, working in the adult medical ward of Homa Bay and Ndhiwa hospitals to improve the quality of care for both HIV and non-HIV patients. In 2016, more than 3,000 patients were diagnosed and enrolled on treatment and more than 14,300 patients were receiving ARVs in Ndhiwa.